The diamond must be mined, cut, and polished in the same region or territory without crossing any national borders.
One of the easiest ways for conflict diamonds to slip into the global diamond market is through transportation. Anytime a diamond travels across national borders, its origin and identity are quickly lost. Most countries export their diamonds to the major cutting and polishing centers around the world. It is through these long supply chains that conflict diamonds are slipped in with legitimate diamonds, and enter the market.
The diamond must be laser engraved with a serial number, then scanned and recorded in a confidential, centralized database.
One of the easiest ways to track a diamond is to laser engrave it with a serial number. As the diamond travels from the mine, through a cutting and polishing center, and eventually to the consumer, the diamond can be tracked by its serial number, producing a record of its travels.
In addition, each diamond has a unique signature or "fingerprint" that can be scanned using a sophisticated diamond identification system. This enables the diamond to be traced and monitored by its fingerprint from mine, through the production process, and to the consumer.
The diamond must pass through a stringent monitoring system.
As the diamond moves through the various production stages of its life, a stringent monitoring system must be in place. The system follows the diamond from the mine through the diamond factory to ensure its authenticity and origin. The system helps guarantee that clean diamonds "stay in," while conflict diamonds "stay out." The program must also include random inspections at the factories that monitor whether diamonds are clean and made under fair conditions.
The facilities where the diamond is mined, cut, and polished must adhere to global labor and fair wage laws and must employ local residents.
The mining, cutting, and polishing facilities must adhere to global labor and fair wage laws. Diamonds can be "conflict-free" but are easily "bloodied" if mines and manufacturers use unfair labor practices. In addition, the mineworkers and skilled cutters and polishers should be local laborers and craftsman. This helps guarantee that some of the profit generated by the diamond mines and manufacturers - often run by one of a few global corporations - are re-invested into and benefit the local community.
The diamond must have a certificate from the regional government program certifying that the diamond was mined, cut, and polished in that area.
The national or regional government must have a controlled and audited diamond-mining program in place. The program must be corruption-free and utilize all of the previously mentioned standards. The program must also have a certificate that accompanies each diamond, verifying that the diamond has been mined, cut, and polished in that region.